in which light is shed upon some previously unexplored frontiers

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So I've been working on modularizing a big project at work. The REST API for this one project needs to be used in multiple places, so I've taken it out of the Rails app and spun it off into its own server using Rack. Rack is a library that abstracts away the gory details of HTTP and gives you a nice object-oriented wrapper for it, allowing you to plug it into multiple different backends. It's great for accelerating development on your simple lightweight services that wouldn't otherwise justify a Merb or Rails application. Ezra gives a good explanation of why you might be interested in Rack.

Anyhow, I was able to put this together fairly quickly by hooking up libxml, ActiveRecord, and Rack. (If I were doing it again I'd use faster-builder, which I found out about a few hours after I started the project, but whatever.) But this particular project must be able to support ridiculously large XML responses that could be larger than 4GB. On a 32-bit machine this is... well... problematic. The solution, of course, is to stream the response back to the client as it's generated so it doesn't have to all be in memory at once.

Unfortunately the only Ruby support for HTTP streaming I was able to find by searching the web is about streaming static files. I was getting pretty discouraged until Ezra mentioned that Merb bundles a patched version of Rack that allows streaming of programmatic content.

Sure enough, Merb's changes to Rack do the trick:

require 'rubygems'
require 'rack/response'
require 'rack/handler/mongrel'

# Launches an HTTP server on http://localhost:9999/N that streams its own code N times
Rack::Handler::Mongrel.run(Proc.new do |env|
                             [200, {}, Proc.new do |response|
                                response.send_status_no_connection_close('')
                                response.send_header
                                env['PATH_INFO'][/(\d+)/].to_i.times do
                                  response.write File.read(__FILE__) + '\n'; sleep 1
                                end
                                response.write '\r\n\r\n'
                              end]
                           end, :Port => 9999)

I check the streaming with curl; if it's properly streamed the % Received will climb slowly instead of jumping at once to 100:

$ curl http://localhost:9999/7 > /dev/null
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  5310    0  5310    0     0    755      0 --:--:--  0:00:07 --:--:--   796

It's not clear to me why this functionality isn't in the standard Rack distribution. Merb seems to be Rack's biggest user, so the fact that they have to bundle their own patched version seemes quite odd. Anyway, if you need HTTP streaming outside Merb, you can use my version of Rack. I haven't been able to get the gem served by Github; unreproducible remote problems in the gem build process are very opaque and give no feedback. Will look into this later.

I'm going to try to get the changes into the mainline rack, but if Merb hasn't been able to get it accepted this may not actually happen. The meat of the patch is three lines, but I've got a bunch of other stuff that allows the project to actually build as a gem; the source as I found it was not in a working state. (Who knew there were people out there who haven't yet discovered hoe?)

Update: It sounds like the streaming stuff hasn't been accepted upstream because it only works with Mongrel, and the whole point of Rack is to provide a consistent interface across many different web servers. I may try to port the streaming functionality to other servers so it can become part of the official spec.

Much thanks to Ezra for the fix. I was starting to lose hope that I'd even be able to even pull this off without resorting to low-level Mongrel invocations. Even though the fix is available in Merb, it's not really very clear how to use it, so I thought this post would save other people from going through the same crazy hoops I had to.

Update: My patches have been accepted upstream, so streaming works out of the box with Mongrel in Rack 0.9 and higher.

« older | 2008-05-13T23:31:01Z | newer »